The Combat Reports and letters of
Air Marshal Sir David Rothstein,
VC*, KCB, DSO**, MC, DFC
Legion of Honour, Croix de Guerre, Medaille Militaire
86 Victories
No. 23 Squadron, R.A.F.


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  01/03/1916 
Time:  08:00
Type of Aeroplane: Bristol Scout D
Locality:From Nieuport to Armentieres
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on single Patrol over the trenches, I spotted and destroyed 
7 enemy balloons.

My machine suffered 13 bullet holes.

Signed
Capt. D. Rothstein.

AWARD: Victoria Cross


----------Letter Home-----------
Date:2 March, 1916
Dearest Mother:

I just wanted to let you and father know that all is well with me.  
So far, the fellows in my squadron do not treat me as I had been 
treated in the South Wales Borderers.  None of them seem to care 
that I am Jewish.  

I'm certain that father is relieved to know I am not in the trenches 
anymore. I recall he wasn't too keen on my joining the army anyway.   
And I wouldn't have, except for my friends who joined.  

Anyway, I just wanted to let you know, you may  be seeing my picture 
in the paper soon.  I went on a solo patrol the other day and shot down 
7 enemy balloons.  The Squadron CO was so excited, he called everyone 
right up to Army HQ.  The Squadron clerk told me on the QT that "the 
old man" put in for a very high medal for me!!  It seems no one has done 
what I did before the other day.  

It had all the army units buzzing with the news.  The funniest part is, 
intelligence says the Germans are denying it happened!!  Seems they don't 
want to admit that one man shot down 7 of their balloon in less than an 
hour and went unchallenged by their vaunted air service.

Well, enough droning on for now.  I'll write again soon.  

Your loving son,

David

------------end letter-----------


         COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  09/03/1916 
Time:  12:00
Type of Aeroplane: Bristol Scout D
Locality:4 Miles NE of Ypres
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Balloon attack
Height:  3500 feet

Result
Fokker EIII - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Lt. Davis and I went to attack a Hun balloon near Ypres.  I attacked 
while Lt. Davis stayed high in case any Hun machines came along.  
Shortly after I sent the balloon down in flames, a flight of 3 Fokker 
EIII's showed up to spoil our fun.

In the ensuing fight, I got a green one with Lt. Davis' help.  He, 
unfortunately was badly injured and taken to hospital.

Signed
Capt. Rothstein


-----Intelligence Report------
Concerning the Fokker that Capt. Rothstein shot down on 9 March, 1916, 
it appears from captured reports that the pilot was none other than 
Max Immelmann, considered to be one of Germany's deadliest pilots.  
This and a copy of the report will be attached to the recommendation 
for the Victoria Cross for Capt. Rothstein.

Signed,
Col. Smyth
British Army Intelligence

------------End of Report----------


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  22/03/1916 
Time:  05:53
Type of Aeroplane:Morane L
Locality:2 Miles West of Ypres
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  6000 feet

Result
Aviatik 'C' Type - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

I had intended to go attack a Hun aerodrome on my single patrol, but 
I spotted a flight of 3 Aviatik's that looked to be heading to bomb 
something of ours, so I gave chase.  I managed to bring one down on 
our side of the lines.

Signed
Capt. D. Rothstein

AWARD:Military Cross

----------Letter Home--------
Date:29 March, 1916

Dearest Mother:

I just found out, I was recommended for the Victoria Cross!!  I am told 
it was for my very first mission, the one in which I downed 7 enemy balloons!!  

I was informed today that the award was approved, and that on my next leave, 
it will be given to me personally by His Majesty, King George V!!  

Make sure you watch the London Gazette, as an announcment will be made in 
that paper sometime soon!!

Your Loving Son,

David

------------End of Letter------


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  30/03/1916 
Time:  09:41
Type of Aeroplane:Morane L 
Locality:5 Miles SE of Ypres
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  6500 feet

Result
Fokker EIII - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on single patrol, I ventured across the lines and attacked a 
Hun aerodrome, damaging several buildings.  No aircraft in sight.

On my way back across the lines, I spotted an enemy balloon.  I 
attacked it and shot it down.

I was then attacked by a flight of two Fokker Eindeckers.  I shot one 
down, but was then slightly wounded by the other.  As soon as I reached 
my side of the lines, I put down in the nearest empty field.

Signed 
Capt. D. Rothstein, VC


----------Letter Home-------------
Date 3 April, 1916

Dearest Mother:

I have been informed that for actions taken by me on 22 March, 1916, 
I am to be awarded the Military Cross.  

For the life of me, I don't know what I did to deserve this award!  
Some of my fellow pilots have been calling me the "Lucky Jew."  As 
I pointed out to them, usually we "Jews" in the service get little, 
if ANY recognition.

Unfortunately, now the Major is being villified as a "Jew Lover" for 
his fair treatment of me.  I hope it does not damage his career.

I guess the fellows, who were nice enough to begin with, decided that 
I was getting too much attention.  So much for not being the scapegoat!!

I am told I will be given leave soon, to come home and visit, and to 
get my medals officially awarded to me by His Majesty.  

Hope to see you and father soon.

Love,

David

-----------End Letter----------



        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  05/04/1916 
Time:  13:55
Type of Aeroplane: Bristol Scout D
Locality:Near Bethune
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    CAP
Height:  7000 feet

Result

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

We intercepted several flights of Albatros C type aircraft.  
Only Lt. Taylor succeeded in bringing any down.

Signed
Capt. D. Rothstein, VC, MC



        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  11/04/1916 
Time:  17:43
Type of Aeroplane: 
Locality:          
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    
Height:  

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on patrol, spotted two enemy balloons, destroyed both.  
Attacked by flight of 4 Fokker E-types, managed to evade them.

Signed
Capt. D. Rothstein, VC, MC

---------Letter Home-----------
Date 6 October, 1916

Dearest Mother:

I was so happy to see you, father and little Rachel again.  Only thing 
is, Rachel isn't so little anymore!!  

I wanted to let you know that since my return, the fellows have been 
much friendlier than before.  There's been no more of the "lucky Jew" talk 
as there was before, and all the derogatory remarks directed at the Major 
seem to have stopped as well.  I don't know what brought about this change, 
but it is very welcome!!

Come to think of it, it could be because many of the old gang are not here 
anymore!!  There have been more than a few new faces since I was here last.  

Well, I have to go now, tell father and Rachel I love them.

Your Loving son,

David

----------End of Letter-------


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  07/10/1916 
Time:  06:00
Type of Aeroplane: Morane L
Locality:Roulers to Armentieres
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  6000 feet

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on single patrol, spotted two enemy balloons, destroyed same.

Signed
Capt. David Rothstein, VC, MC


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  13/10/1916 
Time:  09:52
Type of Aeroplane:Nieuport 17
Locality:NW of Ypres
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    CAP
Height:  2500 meters

Result
Gotha - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on CAP near Ypres, observed two enemy twin engine machines 
approaching our area.  Engaged same.  Lt. Sullivan shot down 1, 
and I got one.

Unfortunately, Lt. Sullivan's plane went down in flames.  I was 
wounded and with heavily damamged aircraft set down near village.

Signed
Capt. D. Rothstein, VC, MC



        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  21/10/1916 
Time:  14:00
Type of Aeroplane:Nieuport 17
Locality:Near Ypres
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Balloon Attack
Height:  1500 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

As assigned, attacked Hun balloon NE of Ypres.   After balloon went 
down, Lt. Stuart and I were attacked by Albatros DI's.  Lt. Stuart 
was killed, I was wounded and managed to land on our side of the lines.

Signed
Capt. D. Rothstein, VC, MC



        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  30/10/1916 
Time:  07:01
Type of Aeroplane: Nieuport 17
Locality:Near Bethune
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    CAP
Height:  2000 meters

Result
Albatros CIII - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on CAP South of Bethune, we spotted a flight of Hun C-types 
approaching.  In the ensuing engagement, I shot down one and Lt. 
Taylor also got one.  Unfortunately, Lt. Taylor went down in flames.  
I saw him jump from his machine.

Signed
Capt. D. Rothstein, VC, MC


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  05/11/1916 
Time:  11:00
Type of Aeroplane:Nieuport 17
Locality:Trench lines near Bethune
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  1500 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on single patrol, spotted, engaged and destroyed 3 hun balloons.  
Whilst attacking the third one, I was wounded by ground fire.  I managed 
to make it back to La Gorge aerodrome.

Signed 
Capt. D. Rothstein, VC, MC

AWARD:1st Bar to VC!!!



        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  11/12/1916 
Time:  15:00
Type of Aeroplane: Nieuport 17
Locality:Near Lille
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Aerodrome Attack
Height:  1000 meters

Result

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Attacked enemy aerodrome near Lille.  Destroyed several buildings, but 
got no response from local CAP.  My aircraft collided with building.  
I was captured by the enemy until my escape on March 1, 1917.

Signed,

Capt. D. Rothstein, VC, MC


--------Letter Home-------------
Date 5 March, 1917

Dearest Mother:

I am sure you were notified when I was captured.  The enemy, for some 
reason refused to let me write home.  I think some of my captors thought 
that the "Jew" would try to pull some sneaky trick to inform HQ of where 
I really was.

Anyway, I escaped and reached friendly lines on 1 March, 1917.  I am in 
hospital now.  Do not worry, it is simply standard procedure.  They say I 
will be given a week to come home and visit, before I have to go back to 
my unit, so I should be seeing you, father and Rachel soon.

Your Loving Son,

David.

P.S. I also learned I have the rare priveledge of receiving a bar to my VC!!  
This is apparently for the 3 Hun balloons I shot down on 5 November of last 
year!!  Some of the fellows are treating me like visiting royalty now!!  

While we know there have been double awards of the VC in the past to other 
soldiers, this is the first one any of us are aware of recently.

I guess it means another visit to the King. 

------------End of Letter---------



        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  22/03/1917 
Time:  05:40
Type of Aeroplane:Nieuport 17
Locality:Near Armentieres
Pilot:   Capt.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  2500 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE
After finishing my patrol over St. Omer, I decided to check out the 
trenches to see if any hun balloons were up.  I found one near Armentieres, 
and I shot it down.

Signed
Capt. Rothstein, VC*, MC

Promotion:to Major

---------Recommendation----------
To: 3rd Brigade HQ
Date  22 March, 1917

Sir:

Since I am being promoted to Brigade for staff duty, I wish it known 
that my choice for Squadron command is Capt. Rothstein, VC*, MC.  He 
has shown great skill in not only engaging the enemy but also leadership.  
He has continually tried to teach the men in his flight how to fight and 
survive in the air.  I think it would be a great advantage to the service 
if this man was given command of 1 Squadron in my place.

Respectfully,
Maj. Brown, DSO
CO 1 Squadron, R.F.C.

-------End of message-------

--------Letter Home-------------
Date: 25 March, 1917

Dearest Mother:

Just a quick note to tell you, I've been promoted to Major, and given 
command of the Squadron on the recommendation of the CO!!  

He's been promoted to HQ for staff duty.  Something I know he doesn't 
like, but it means further promotion for him down the line.  Word is he 
will be promoted to Lieutenant Colonel soon!!  

Just wanted to let you and father know, and since it will mean more desk 
duty and less flying time, it's more likely I won't get killed. 

Your loving son,

David

------------End of Letter-------


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  28/03/1917 
Time:  09:54
Type of Aeroplane: Nieuport 17
Locality:Near Bethune
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    CAP
Height:  2600 meters

Result

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE
Whilst on CAP near Bethune, spotted a DFW 2-seater.  Lt. Wilson and 
I attacked the machine, and caused heavy damage to it.  Lt. Wilson 
was shot down.

Signed
Maj. Rothstein, VC*, MC
CO No. 1 Squadron R.F.C.




        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  03/04/1917 
Time:  13:56
Type of Aeroplane:Nieuport 17
Locality:2 miles W of Armentieres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    CAP
Height:  1500 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE
After finishing assigned CAP, I continued on alone in search of the enemy.  
All I could find was a single lone Hun balloon, I attacked it and shot 
it down.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, MC
CO 1 Squadron, R.F.C.


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  09/04/1917 
Time:  18:00
Type of Aeroplane: Nieuport 17
Locality: Near Roulers
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  2500 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE
Engaged enemy balloon, shot it down.  Engaged flight of 4 Albatros 
DIII's, I was shot down.  Captured by Germans until my escape in 
August of 1917.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, MC

----------Letter Home------------
Date: 10 August, 1917

Dearest Mother:

Well, I did it again.  Got shot down, captured and held for a time by 
the enemy.  They were really pleased to get a hold of a double VC winner.  
They did treat me some what better this time.

But I think I really ticked them off when I escaped, AGAIN.   I understand 
they've put a price on my head now.  Intelligence is still trying to confirm 
it.  In the mean time, I've been ordered to NOT fly any missions that might 
take me across the lines.  It seems I'm to fly Combat Air Patrols and other 
defensive missions only.

I will probably be home soon, as part of my convelesent leave, not that I'm 
sick or injured, it's just the normal thing for escaped POWs.

See you soon.

Your Loving Son,

David

-----------End of Letter---------



        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 1 RFC
Date:  29/08/1917 
Time:  06:00
Type of Aeroplane: Nieuport 17
Locality: St. Marie Cappel
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    CAP
Height:  2500 meters

Result

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on CAP over St. Marie Cappel, spotted a flight of Halbertstadt 
CLII's attacking.  I attacked the flight, was later joined by Sopwith 
Triplanes of 1 RNAS.  They got one of the Halberstadts.  

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, MC


----------HQ Letter------------
Date: 30 August, 1917
To: 3rd Brigade HQ
From: 2nd Brigade HQ

Dear Stuffy,

I wanted to ask if you would mind transferring that Flying Jew, 
Maj. Rothstein to my 23 Squadron.  I wouldn't ask normally, but 
they suffered terribly in the last few months, and I'm afraid I 
have no one sufficently competent to lead them.  

I asked Boom if he objected, and he said as long as you don't mind, 
he won't object.

I know you have others you would prefer, but really, the fellows 
in 23 need someone who can not only lead, but someone who can boost 
their morale as well.

Let me know ASAP.

Your Humble Servant,

Brigadier Gordon.
CO 2nd Brigade, R.F.C.

---------------End of Letter--------

-----------Letter Home-----------
Date: 3 September, 1917

Dearest Mother,

I just wanted to let you know I've been reassigned to 23 Squadron.

They told me they needed my leadership as 23 Squadron has had some 
tough times recently.  They lost their last CO in combat, to this 
Red Baron fellow.  

The 2nd Brigade CO asked me to do what I could to raise morale. 

Decorum prohibits me from telling what I did, suffice it to say, 
I raised morale my first night here. 

At least I didn't get court-martialed for it.

Your loving son,

David.

-------------End Letter-------------


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  04/09/1917 
Time:  09:46
Type of Aeroplane: SPAD VII
Locality:Nieuport
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    CAP
Height:  2500 meters

Result
Gotha - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Lt. P. Starkey and myself were on CAP over the bridge at Nieuport, 
when we spotted a flight of two Gotha twin engine types approaching.  
We engaged the Gothas and each of us got one.  My machine was so 
damaged I had to land at the aerodrome at Nieuport.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, MC
CO 23 Squadron, R.F.C.

-----------HQ Memorandum-------
Date:10 September, 1917
From:Lt. Col. Harris
To:Brigadier Gordon

Re: Our conversation of 9 September, concerning the TO&E of 23 Squadron.

Sir, I think it would be highly desirable to send all men of the same 
religious persuasion as the CO of that squadron.  At the very least, I 
think they would be more comfortable among their own kind, and it might 
even make them more productive.  

Effective immediately, all non-Jewish pilots will be transferred out, and 
replaced by those of the Jewish faith as soon as possible.

Your Humble Servant,

Lieut. Col Harris
Adjutant-General's Office
R.F.C.

---------End of Memorandum----



        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  20/09/1917 
Time:  08:00
Type of Aeroplane: SPAD VII
Locality:Near Ypres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Balloon Attack
Height:  1500 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Attacked balloon as assigned, continued on South for about 3 miles, 
found another Hun balloon and shot it down as well.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, MC
CO 23 Squadron, R.F.C.

        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  02/10/1917 
Time:  04:58
Type of Aeroplane: SPAD VII
Locality:Near Roulers
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Balloon Attack
Height:  1000 meters

Result

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Attacked balloon near Roulers, Lt. Rubin shot it down.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, MC
CO 23 Squadron R.F.C.




        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  08/10/1917 
Time:  08:54
Type of Aeroplane:SPAD VII
Locality:Near Armentieres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  1500 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst engaged in searching for Hun Balloons, I spotted a flight of 2 
Albtros D-types.  I attacked them immediately, forcing one to lande on 
his side of the lines (black and white striped fuselage)

I might have also forced down his companion, but I ran out of ammunition 
before I could do any serious damage to him.  

I did manage to destroy the balloon.  However I was slightly wounded and 
the doctor informs me I will likely be on desk duty for a week.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, MC
CO 23 Squadron R.F.C.


-----German Fitness Report---
Date 9 October, 1917

To: HQ 6th Army

Dear General:

I just received word from the doctor that ObLt. Loerzer will no longer 
be capable of flying duties, they had to amputate his right arm.  

His wingman reported the RFC SPAD that did the damage had a red colored 
Star of David on the fuselage and wings.  This is most likely the dirty 
work of Maj. Rothstein.

The Physician reported that the main damage to Oblt. Loerzer was the 
result of incendiary rounds that struck his arm.  This is in direct 
violation of the rules of war.  

May I suggest we raise the bounty for this man to 500 deutsch marks.  

Your Humble Servant,
Ritt. Hans von Hammer

-----------end report--------


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  17/10/1917 
Time:  05:56
Type of Aeroplane:SPAD VII
Locality:S. of Ypres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Escourt
Height:  2500 meters

Result
Albatros DIII - Decisive.
Albatros DIII - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst escourting a flight of bombers toward Ypres, Lt. Feinstein and 
myself spotted a pair of Albatros DIII's approaching.

In the ensuing fight, I shot down both Huns.  Unfortunately, Lt. Feinstein 
was seriously wounded and was sent back to hospital.

The bombers successfully hit their target.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, MC
CO 23 Squadron, R.F.C.


----AWARD: Distinguished Service Order
(Confirmed 11 November, 1917



        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  25/10/1917 
Time:  09:49
Type of Aeroplane: SPAD VII
Locality:La Lovie Aerodrome
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Barrage Support
Height:  600 meters

Result
Roland DII - Decisive.
Roland DII - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

As Lieut. Friedman and I were taking off to proceed to our mission destination, 
La Lovie, our field came under attack by German forces of a Marine Feld Flieger 
unit.  We engaged the enemy as did some of the other units stationed here.  
I brought down two of the Huns, and Lt. Friedman brought down one.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, MC
CO 23 Squadron R.F.C.





        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  31/10/1917 
Time:  13:55
Type of Aeroplane: SPAD VII
Locality:9 miles W of Roulers
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Infantry/Balloon Attack
Height:  500 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Attacked enemy infantry and balloon at assigned target.  I shot down 
the balloon and damaged two enemy armoured vehicles.

Unfortunately, Lt. Ashley was Killed in action.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, MC
CO 23 Squadron, R.F.C.



        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  07/11/1917 
Time:  06:46
Type of Aeroplane:SPAD VII
Locality:Near Roulers
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Balloon Attack
Height:  500 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Attacked a shot down enemy balloon near Roulers.  Damaged two enemy 
armoured vehicles on the way home.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO, MC
CO 23 Squadron, R.F.C.


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  13/11/1917 
Time:  11:00
Type of Aeroplane: SPAD VII
Locality:Near Roulers
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Balloon attack
Height:  600 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Attacked balloon as assigned, jumped by a flight of Albatros DIII's.  
My machine was slightly damaged, Lt. Friedman was seriously wounded 
and sent back to hospital.

Balloon was destroyed.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothman, VC*, DSO, MC
CO 23 Squadron, R.F.C.


       COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  19/11/1917 
Time:  08:00
Type of Aeroplane:SPAD VII
Locality:The Trenches from Roulers to Ypres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  2000 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on single patrol over the German Trenches I spotted, 
engaged and destroyed 5 hun balloons.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO, MC
CO. 23 Squadron, R.F.C.

----AWARD: 1st Bar to DSO
(Confirmed 30/11/17)




        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  27/11/1917 
Time:  11:55
Type of Aeroplane:SPAD VII
Locality:SW of Ypres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    CAP
Height:  2500 meters

Result

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on CAP Lt. Rubin and I spotted a flight of Rumplers attacking 
the town below.  We gave chase, and Lt. Rubin got one of them.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO*, MC
CO 23 Squadron, R.F.C





        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  03/12/1917 
Time:  15:49
Type of Aeroplane: SPAD VII
Locality:From Nieuport to Ypres over Trenches
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  2000 meters

Result

[german balloon] - Unconfirmed.
[german balloon] - Unconfirmed.
[german balloon] - Unconfirmed.
[german balloon] - Unconfirmed.


          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Engaged and destroyed 4 enemy balloons.  Also attacked two German 
armoured vehicles, one of which caught fire.

Signed 
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO*, MC
CO 23 Squadron R.F.C.

--------Brigade HQ Note----------

Claims could not be confirmed except by personal evidence only.  

Capt. Smythe-Carruthers
HQ Intelligence

----------------------------


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  10/12/1917 
Time:  06:53
Type of Aeroplane: SPAD VII
Locality:Nieuport To Ypres over Trenches
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  2000 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

I engaged and destroyed 4 enemy balloons over the trench lines 
between Nieuport and Ypres.

I also attacked and set on fire two enemy armoured vehicles.

Signed 
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO*, MC
CO 23 Squadron, R.F.C.


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  16/12/1917 
Time:  10:56
Type of Aeroplane:SPAD VII
Locality:Ypres to Armentieres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  1500 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on patrol engaged and destroyed 5 Hun balloons.

Also damaged at least 2 enemy armoured vehicles.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO*, MC
CO 23 Squadron, R.F.C.

-------
AWARD: 2nd Bar to DSO.
Confirmed 2 Jan., 1918.


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RFC
Date:  24/12/1917 
Time:  14:51
Type of Aeroplane: SPAD VII
Locality:SE of Ypres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Infantry Attack
Height:  500 meters

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst attacking an enemy Infantry position opposite one of our 
regiments, I attacked and shot down an enemy balloon.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO*, MC
CO 23 Squadron, R.F.C.

-------3rd Brigade HQ note------

To: Gen. Howard 2nd Air Brigade
From: Gen. Thomas 1st Brigade
Subject: Officer transfer

Dear Snuffy,

Would you mind terribly lending me that wonderful Maj. Rothstein for 
a while?  I'm having a devil of a time getting 70 Squadron to settle 
down and get to work, and I think your Jew would be just the ticket.

Your Humble Servant,

Gen. Howard

---------End Letter--------


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  31/12/1917 
Time:  08:00
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality: 3 Miles SE of Ypres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Barrage Patrol
Height:  9000 feet

Result
LVG CV - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on barrage patrol, Lt. Phillips and I spotted a flight of Hun 
LVG 2-seaters approaching.  We each shot one down.

Before heading back to the aerodrome, I crossed to the German side of 
the trenches and shot down their balloon.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO*, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.




       COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  06/01/1918 
Time:  12:00
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality:2 miles north of Armentieres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Infantry attack
Height:  6000 feet

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Attacked German infantry position as ordered, shot down balloon that 
was in vicinity.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.



        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  12/01/1918 
Time:  15:51
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality: 5 miles NE of Armentieres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Escourt
Height:  8000 feet

Result

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE
Whilst escourting bombers to their target, Lt. Aster and I spotted a 
flight of Albatros fighters approaching.  We engaged them and Lt. Aster 
brought one down in flames.  The one I attacked landed safely on his 
side of the lines.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  24/01/1918 
Time:  08:00
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality:Armentieres to Arras
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Escourt
Height:  600 to 8200 feet

Result
Albatros DVa - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE
Escourted bombers to bridge near Armentieres.  They hit and destroyed 
their target.  Whilst in the area, Lt. Aster and I spotted a flight of 
Albatros fighters approaching.  We engaged the enemy and I brought one 
down on his side of the lines, 3 miles North of Armentiers.

After escourting the bombers back to their base, I signaled Lt. Aster to 
return to our aerodrome, and I went back to look at the trench lines.  
During my little tour, I spotted and attacked 6 Hun balloons.  I brought 
them all down.  I also attacked the rail yard at Lens, damaging or destroying 
several rail road cars including a locomotive.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.

-------
AWARD: French Legion of Honour
Confirmed 31 Jan. 1918

        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  01/02/1918 
Time:  12:00
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality: Bethune to Armentieres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  500 to 7500 feet

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on Single patrol, spotted and destroyed 2 Hun balloons.  Also 
attacked Hun aerodrome at Ste. Marguerite.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  07/02/1918 
Time:  16:00
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality: Near Bethune
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Combat Air Patrol
Height:  8000 feet

Result
Albatros C Type - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on CAP near Bethune, we noticed a flight of Albatros C types 
approaching.  We engaged the enemy and I managed to destroy one in flames.

Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  14/02/1918 
Time:  07:56
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality:Lille to Ypres, to Armentiers
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Escourt/Single Patrol
Height:  51 to 8300 feet

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

After completing escourt mission, I continued on my own to attack several
Hun balloons and I also attacked a Bridge near Armentiers.  In the process,
My machine was struck 3 times, and I destroyed 3 Hun gasbags.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.


       COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  20/02/1918 
Time:  11:55
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality:Bethune and Armentieres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Combat Air Patrol
Height:  20 to 10,000 feet

Result
Rumpler CIV - Decisive.
Albatros DVa - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE
Whilst on CAP near Bethune, we spotted a flight of Rumpler 2-seaters 
Approaching.  We gave chase and I managed to bring one down.

Later, we engaged a pair of Albatros DVaís and I managed to bring one
of those down as well by killing the pilot.  I later collided with the
other one, landing in No-Manís Land.  After a few days slogging through
the trenches, I managed to get back to my own lines.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.

        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  26/02/1918 
Time:  16:00
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality:Lens to Armentieres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Balloon Attack
Height:  700 to 5000 feet

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Found and attacked 3 Hun balloons.  All three down in flames.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  20/03/1918 
Time:  08:31
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality: Ypres to Armentieres
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  300 to 10,000 feet

Result
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE
Whilst on patrol, spotted and downed 3 Hun gasbags.
Also disabled at least 2 trucks, on MG post and an AAA station.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  08/04/1918 
Time:  09:51
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality: Lens to Arras
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Offensive Patrol
Height:  300 to 10,000 feet

Result
Hannover CLII - Decisive.
Hannover CLII - Decisive.
Albatros DVa - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Engaged a flight of Hannover CLIIís near Arras, brought one down in flames, 
the other crashed after I wounded the pilot and killed the gunner.

Near Lens, engaged a flight of Albatros DVís.  I brought one of these down
in flames also.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.


       COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  14/04/1918 
Time:  14:00
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality: Near Arras
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Combat Air Patrol
Height:  9000 feet

Result

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on patrol spotted a flight of Albatros 2-seaters escourted by
a flight of Albatro DVaís.  We engaged them, Lt. Simmons managed to shoot
down two of them.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RFC
Date:  20/04/1918 
Time:  18:00
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality: 12 miles SE of Arras
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Balloon Attack
Height:  5000 feet

Result
Albatros DVa - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Attacked assigned target near Arras, engaged flight of Albatros
Single seaters.  I got one that was painted all red.


Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.F.C.

        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 70 RAF
Date:  27/04/1918 
Time:  06:00
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Camel
Locality: Near Arras          
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  7500 feet

Result
LVG CV - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on single patrol, I spotted a flight of LVG 2-seaters.  I turned
To engage them, and in the ensuing fight, brought one down.

I later spotted a Hun balloon and brought that down as well.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.A.F.


------NOTE
Transferred to 23 Squadron


        COMBATS IN THE AIR
         -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-   
No. 23 RAF
Date:  03/05/1918 
Time:  09:59
Type of Aeroplane: Sopwith Dolphin
Locality: Near Noyon and St. Quentin
Pilot:   Maj.David Rothstein 
Duty:    Single Patrol
Height:  7500 feet

Result
LVG CV - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.
[german balloon] - Decisive.

          ---------------
Remarks on Hostile Aircraft: Type, etc,


NARRATIVE

Whilst on single patrol, engaged and destroyed  3 enemy balloons.
Also engaged and destroyed one LVG 2-seater, and attacked enemy 
Aerodrome at la Ferti Chevresis.

Signed
Maj. D. Rothstein, VC*, DSO**, MC
CO 70 Squadron, R.A.F.


--------Letter Home----

Date: 12 November, 1918

Dearest Mother,

The war is finally over, and it looks like I will be coming home on leave
soon to see you and father.  

The brigadier has asked me if I would want to
stay with the RAF rather than return to the Army.  I asked him if I could 
think it over first.  I think they are rather keen to keep me on as I am
suspected of being the chap with the most victories in the air over the 
enemy.  At least thatís what the chaps in intelligence tell me.  They say 
my record of 86 victories is the highest of all the countries.  

So far, I am followed by this Manfred von Richthofen chap who has 78, then 
the French fellow, Rene Fonck, and finally by our Canadian comrade, Bishop 
with 72.  Iím also told that with my hat full of medals, I am our countries 
most decorated soldier.  

While I know father wanted me to follow his footsteps, I feel I have a real
Opportunity here in the RAF, not only for myself, but for our people as well.
So far as I know, not many Jews have managed such accolades in the British 
military system as I have.

In any event, Iím sure you, father and I will discuss this when I get home.

Your loving son,

David

-----------End of Letter---------------

Awards given Post war for WWI service.

France: Croix de Guerre
        Medaille Militaire

Britain: Distinguished Flying Cross

From the personal Memoirs of Air Marshal Sir David Rothstein, VC*, KCB, DSO**, MC, DFC


DISCLAIMER

This page is a work of fiction. In other words, other than the combat report part, which was generated as the result of playing the game, Red Baron 3D, the rest of the information, including "letters home" is a fictional creation. And, just like in the movies, any resemblance to ANYONE living, dead, or undead, is pure coincidence, and completely unintentional.

Created:March 19, 2002
Last Modified:Too often to mention!!!
©2002, Albert Lowe
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